Over the last four years, Kenya has borne ferocious burns since its forces set base in Somalia. Reports on attacks reveal that the country has been a target once a month on average. Among the three countries that boarder Somalia, only Kenya has borne such attacks. Is the countrys response towards the attacks a revelation of weak political structures? Professor Francis Fukuyama’s thoughts on this…
An inherent ideal modern state is autonomy economists term as public good beauracracy. This refers to organizational structures, though often termed as rigid and procedural; presenting a solid base for accountability in providing public goods and services such as; public safety and security, infrastructure, basic social amenities; health care and education, services poor country have a challenge in providing for its citizens.
When a government is rendered in-capable of providing public goods to its citizens, it is distinctly predisposed to a crisis. This may vary from inclining cases of unemployment, food shortages and starvation, and in other extents civil wars and terrorist activities.
Countries such as Iraq, Syria, and Somalia have been far too foul players in calming civil wars and terrorist activities, demise associated with weak political structures. Weak political structures incapacitate states power yoked to sovereignty, a culmination of weak trajectory links with its citizens. In the end, all that is left is a nation in distress brought down to its knees.
It is important to understand what state power should consist of. Many governments think that power is simply coercion, which means that police and military forces have the ability to force people to deliver what they wouldnt otherwise do. But the fact is that most powerful states, dont use coercion. Legitimacy on the other hand, has proved to be effective, as it exudes greater power than coercion. This is to say, citizens support the state through what it does, and this ensures stability through enforcing the laws. This helps in making citizen participation to governance, democratic, a reflection of the rule of the people, and states ability to deliver real services to its citizens.
In dealing with terrorism, it is important to understand that this is not just a matter of falsity in the terrorists, but also a matter of voluntary cooperation of the citizens, in aiding the state achieve its mission of protecting its territory.
One of the things missing in many developing countries right now is the absence of modern bureaucracy. That is to say that the state is regarded by politicians as the feeding ground where people get rich and make their families and supporters rich by controlling the state and states assets. A modern state is one that has a clear sense of public purpose and works on the basis of merit and not on the basis of political connections. This means that politicians can access power to change policies that, ultimately contribute to the countrys stability.