The Constitution of Kenya Chapter 4, Article 45 recognizes the family as the natural and fundamental unit of the society and the necessary basis of social order and should therefore enjoy the recognition and protection of the State.
Along with the economy, governance and education, the family is universally viewed as one of the foundation of civil order without which no society can function. As the setting for demographic reproduction, the seat of the first integration of individuals into social life, and the source of emotional, material and instrumental support for its members, the family influences the way society is structured, organised, and functions.
It is essentially through the family that each generation is replaced by the next; that children are born, socialized and cared for until they attain their independence; and that each generation fulfils its care responsibilities to minors, older persons, the sick and other vulnerable members.
This Policy intends to realize the vision of “happy and stable families for a strong society” with the associated positive outcomes. These include higher levels of self-esteem; lower levels of antisocial behaviour such as crime, violence and substance abuse; higher levels of work productivity; lower levels of stress; and more self-efficacy to deal with socioeconomic hardships.
To this end, it is envisioned that happy and stable families will demonstrate high levels of social capital and resilience, and contribute to the smooth functioning of society and, hence, to social cohesion. The overall goal of this Policy is to provide an environment that recognizes and facilitates family well-being, and empowers families to participate in the socio-economic development of the country.